It could meanthat the person was old. The prayer of St. John for Caius includes three particulars: When the brethren came - Probably the same of whom he speaks in the fifth ( 3 John 1:5;) and following verses, and who appear to have been itinerant evangelists. Learn more. They denied that God could be packaged in flesh. Get … The truth that is in thee - The soundness of thy faith and the depth of thy religion. For I rejoiced greatly when brethren came and testified of the truth that isin you, just as you walk in the truth. A few manuscripts include these verses, wholly or in part, after John 7: 3 6, John 21:25, Luke 21: 3 … Excuses himself from writing more fully, and proposes to pay him a visit shortly, 3 John 1:13, 3 John 1:14. After a godly sort - Αξιως του Θεου· Worthy of God; and in such a way as he can approve. Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born … Salem Media Group. Let all Churches, all congregations of Christians, from whom their ministers and preachers can claim nothing by law, and for whom the state makes no provision, lay this to heart; let them ask themselves, Do we deal with these in a manner worthy of God, and worthy of the profession we make? Peace be to thee - Mayest thou possess every requisite good, both of a spiritual and temporal kind. Bible Commentaries /. 3 John 1:1-15 NRSV Large Print Commentary. Audience. 3 John. Thou doest faithfully - Πιστον ποιεις . The Third Epistle of St. John the apostle is ended. a. Updated: Sat, 01/02/2021 - 19:38 By admin PREVIOUS NEXT. And yet the epistle contains many excellent sentiments, which, if judiciously handled, might be very useful to the Church of God. of Taking nothing of the Gentiles - Receiving no emolument for their labor, but in every respect showing themselves to be truly disinterested. In the itinerant ministry of the apostles it appears that each Church bore the expenses of the apostle to the next Church or district to which he was going to preach the word of life. Ill John was written to John's friend Gaius. Chapter 1. by Karen H. Jobes. The end of the epistles of the pure Apostle and Evangelist John. Before the Church - The believers at Ephesus; for to this Church the apostle seems to refer. The brethren of whom St. John speaks might have been apostles; the strangers, assistants to these apostles, as John Mark was to Barnabas. I John 2:7; 3:2,21; 4:1,7,11; III John 1,2,5,11), but is not found as a title for believers in the Gospel or the Revelation. All rights reserved. Diotrephes. Summary of The Book of 3 John. - Latin text of the Complutensian. It is not very common that a man is more prospered in his … A curious reading here, εθνικων, heathenish men, for εθνων, Gentiles, which latter might imply those who were converted from among the Gentiles, while the sense of the other term seems to be restrained to those who were still unconverted, may seem to strengthen the above interpretation; and although the construction seems rather harsh, yet it is not, on the whole, unlikely. Instead of φιλοι and φιλους, friends, the Codex Alexandrinus and several others read αδελφοι and αδελφους, brethren. 900–1,000 pages per volume, Originally they were 9 volumes, folio. (5-8) Jesus explains the new birth. Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. There is not a word here about the pilgrims and penitential journeys which the papists contrive to bring out of this text. The well-beloved Gaius - Γαιος Gaius, is the Greek mode of writing the Roman name Caius; and thus it should be rendered in European languages. If he went by water, he must cross the Aegean Sea, and navigate among the Cyclades Islands, which was always a dangerous voyage. II. I wrote unto the Church - The Church where Caius was; but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the pre-eminence, φιλοπρωτευων, who loves the presidency, or chief place in the Church. The reading above referred to is that of the most ancient and reputable MSS. The former (friends) is a very singular appellation, and nowhere else found in Scripture; the latter is of frequent occurrence. The Third catholic Epistle of John the evangelist and divine. 3 John 1-8 Bible Study with Discussion Questions, Teaching Points, and Cross References. 3 John /. 3 For o this is the love of God , that we p keep his commandments . I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. We therefore ought to receive such - Those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, and have professed the truth at the hazard of their lives, and the loss of all their worldly substance. These three men are like three kinds of Christians found in the church in any age. Above all things — Or, with respect to all things, as περι παντων rather signifies; that thou mayest prosper and be in health — Namely, of body; even as, I doubt not, thy soul prospereth — In faith, love, and every virtue. As some MSS. Do we suffer them to lack the bread that perisheth, while they minister to us with no sparing hand the bread of life? It is the third in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John’s name. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading 1-3 John (Baker Exegetical Commentary on … 3 John 1:9-10. Third John The Tyndale Commentary introduces this epistle as follows: “Like the second letter, the third is brief enough to have been written on a single sheet of papyrus. (II John 1:5, 13) 3. This Pillar commentary seeks to clearly explain the meaning of John's letters to teachers, pastors, and general readers looking for a reliable resource for personal study. 3 John 1. For other particulars concerning John, the reader is requested to refer to the preface to his gospel. Several persons of the name of Caius occur in the New Testament. He also knew that Jesus would increase in honour and influence, for of his government and peace there would be no … Book List. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Bible Commentaries /. a. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in … That St. John took such a voyage Michaelis thinks probable; "for since Corinth lay almost opposite to Ephesus, and St. John, from his former occupation, before he became an apostle, was accustomed to the sea, it is not improbable that the journey or voyage which he proposed to make was from Ephesus to Corinth.". Instead of απολαμβανειν, to receive, the most ancient and reputable MSS. Proud member The three epistles of John are surely the work of one man and most scholars conclude that it is John the apostle. For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou … California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Author. Speaks of the bad conduct of Diotrephes; his abuse of his power in the Church; and his slander of the apostles, 3 John 1:9, 3 John 1:10. New Revised Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 3 John 1:1-15. There have been occasional doubts raised by those who thought it possible that this was written by another disciple of the Lord named John, but all the evidence points to the author as John the beloved disciple who also wrote the … For his name's sake they went forth - For the sake of preaching the Gospel of the grace of God, and making known Jesus to the heathen. 1:14; Acts 19:29, 20:4). The end of the Third catholic Epistle of St John. ἔγραψά τι τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ] The τι, which according to the authorities is probably genuine, does not serve, as Lücke rightly remarks, to intensify = “something important,” but rather to weaken = “something, a little.”. A. Go To 3 John Index Title: The epistle’s title is “3 John”. Greet the friends by name - remember me to all those with whom I am acquainted, as if I had specified them by name. Grace will employ health. Sometimes, and on some special occasions, this may be necessary; but the laborer is worthy of his hire is the maxim of the author of Christianity. The main messages of the books. Exhorts Caius to avoid his example, and to follow what is good, 3 John 1:11. Summary- John wrote to Gaius, whom he loved in truth, and prayed that his health would prosper as his soul prospered. Whom if thou bring forward - If thou continue to assist such, as thou hast done, thou shalt do well. John 3 Commentary. The main message, of I John is that Jesus was God come in the flesh to save humanity. Follow not that which is evil - Μμ μιμου το κακον· Do not imitate that wicked man, i.e., the conduct of Diotrephes; be merciful, loving, and kind. Even as thy soul prospereth - John had learned, it would seem, from the “brethren” who had come to him, 3 John 1:3, that Gaius was living as became a Christian; that he was advancing in the knowledge of the truth, and was exemplary in the duties of the Christian life; and he prays that in all other respects he might be prospered as much as he was in that. Receiveth us not - Does not acknowledge the apostolical authority. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Commentary on John 3:22-36 (Read John 3:22-36) John was fully satisfied with the place and work assigned him; but Jesus came on a more important work. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. That thou mayest Prosper and be in Health, as thy Soul Prospereth. The conversation with Nicodemus (John 3:1-21) (I John 4:1-3) b. We seldom hear this epistle quoted but in the reproof of lordly tyrants, or prating troublesome fellows in the Church. Demetrius. - Ditto, Greek text. 2 John. Mark 9:29; : This kind can come forth by nothing εν ουδενι δυναται εξελθειν, can be Driven Out by nothing, but by prayer and fasting. - Syriac Philoxenian. John 3 Resources. 3 John. The addressee’s name, Gaius, was a very common one in the Roman Empire and it is highly unlikely that the person addressed here is the same Gaius associated with Paul (Rom 16:23; 1 Cor. "the beloved" This is characteristic of John's letters (cf. (Read 3 John 1:1-8) Those who are beloved of Christ, will love the brethren for his sake. Which have borne witness of thy charity - Of thy love and benevolence. He had the complete dog in the manger principle: he would neither do, nor let do; and when good was done that he did not approve, he endeavored to undo it. The apostle's address to Caius, and his good wishes for his prosperity in body and soul, 3 John 1:1, 3 John 1:2. "Gaius" There has been much discussion as to whether Gaius or Diotrephes is the pastor of this local church. The third of John to Caius concerning Demetrius, of whom he witnesses the most excellent things. The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: Gaius. 3 John 1, Adam Clarke Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. See also 1 John 2:19; Revelation 3:12; and Schleusner, in voc. Book Overview - 3 John by Arend Remmers. Both were itinerant evangelists. He heard that Gaius had been walking in the truth, and testified that his greatest joy was found in his children’s walking in the truth. John 3:5, ESV: "Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God." But it has been the lot both of the minor prophets and the minor epistles to be generally neglected; for with many readers bulk is every thing; and, no magnitude no goodness. Commending Christian Hospitality. As in his first two epistles, John continues to stress the importance of “the truth” and how he was filled … For example, 1 John 3:11 refers to the message which the people heard “from the beginning.” It is usually assumed that this means from the first time they started hearing anything about the Gospel, but it could also be a more general use, referring to the ... Commentary). Prosperity in secular affairs. It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. To hear that my children - From this it has been inferred that Caius was one of St. John's converts, and consequently not the Corinthian Caius, who was converted, most probably, by St. Paul. I have already shown in the preface to those epistles termed catholic, that the word καθολικος is not to be taken here, and elsewhere in these epistles, as signifying universal, but canonical; for it would be absurd to call an epistle universal that was written to a private individual. So it should be still in the mission and itinerant ministry. See Mark 5:13, Mark 7:29; : The devil is gone out of thy daughter, εξεληλυθε, is Expelled. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible /. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. Again, as in 2 John, the author refers to himself as the elder. There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. Gaius had received them while Diotrephes had opposed their reception. I wish above all things - Περι παντων ευχομαι· Above all things I pray that thou mayest prosper, and be in health, και ὑγιαινειν· to which one MS. adds εν αληθεια, which gives it a different meaning, viz., that thou mayest be sound in the truth. 3 John 1-8. Let a certain class of religious people, who will find themselves out when they read this note, consider whether, when their preachers have ministered to them their certain or stated time, and are called to go and serve other Churches, they send them forth in a manner worthy of God, making a reasonable provision for the journey which they are obliged to take. StudyLıght .org . The probability of this Caius being the same with the Corinthian Caius has suggested the thought that this epistle was sent to Corinth; and consequently that the second epistle was sent to some place in the neighborhood of that city. And those congregations of Christians are ever found to prize the Gospel most, and profit most by it, who bear all expenses incident to it, and vice versa. - Arabic. Choose a verse from '1 John 3' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org Demetrius hath good report - Perhaps another member of the Church where Caius was; or he might have been one of those whom the apostle recommends to Caius; or, possibly, the bearer of this letter from John to Caius. If I come, I will remember - I will show him the authority which, as an apostle of Jesus Christ, I possess. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Best Commentaries on 3 John. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 3 John. 3 John 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 3 John 1:2, NIV: "Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well." 2 John and 3 John are almost exactly the same length, and the phraseology is extremely similar. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Audio Edition with New International Version. Commentary on 3 John 1:1-8. He commends him for his steadiness in the truth, and his general hospitality, especially to the itinerant evangelists, 3 John 1:3-8. This haughty and unfeeling man would give no countenance to the converted Gentiles; so far from it, that he would not receive any of them himself, forbade others to do it, and excommunicated those who had been received into the Church by the apostles. Thou hast acted as the faith - the Christian religion, required thee to act, in all that thou hast done, both to the brethren at home, and to the strangers - the itinerant evangelists, who, in the course of their travels, have called at thy house. Teacher Study Hints for Thinking Further. These three things, so necessary to the comfort of life, every Christian may in a certain measure expect, and for them every Christian is authorized to pray; and we should have more of all three if we devoutly prayed for them. Commentary on 3 John James Rosscup - Gill (1697–1771), a pastor of England, wrote these which are two-column pages, ca. Our friends salute thee - Desire to be affectionately remembered to thee. That the voyage was too long and dangerous for a man at John's advanced age to think of taking. Notice of Diotrephes. 3 John Overcoming the World 5 k Everyone who believes that l Jesus is the Christ has been born of God , and m everyone who loves the Father loves whoever has been born of him . - Codd. 1. Bible /. and Vatican. 3 John 1:2-4. Audio Edition 3 John 1:1-15 NIV Commentary. The elder - See on the first verse of the preceding epistle ( 2 John 1:1; (note), and also the preface. 3 John 1:2, ESV: "Beloved, I pray that all may go well with you and that you may be in good health, as it goes well with your soul." 3 John 1:1-15 NRSV Commentary. John 3 - In-depth verse-by-verse Bible study and commentary of John chapter 3 in plain English. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. In this epistle the apostle congratulates Gaius upon the prosperity of his soul ( v. 1, v. 2 ), upon the fame he had among good Christians ( v. 3, v. 4 ), and upon his charity and hospitality to the servants of Christ ( v. 5, v. 6 ). Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) /. Luke 8:2; : Mary Magdalene; out of whom went, αφ 'ἡς δαιμονια ἑπτα εξεληλυθει, out of whom were Cast, seven demons. The Third Epistle of John the apostle is ended. Meyer's NT Commentary. Third John shows us something of the problem of personalities within the church, and three people are mentioned here. False teachers had infiltrated the church denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. The third of John. But the apostle might use the term children here as implying those who were immediately under his pastoral care, and, being an old man, he had a right to use such terms in addressing his juniors both in age and grace; and there is much both of propriety and dignity in the appellation coming from such a person. A rich soul may be lodged in a weak body; and grace must then be exercised in submitting to such a dispensation. Matthew 12:43; : When the unclean spirit is gone out, εξελθη, is Driven Out. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. εξερχομαι . Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. For whatever profession any man may make, it will ever appear that he who doeth good is of God - he alone is the person who uses rightly the grace received from God, and he alone shall enjoy the Divine approbation; While he that doeth evil - He who is unfeeling, unmerciful, unkind, hath not seen God - has no proper knowledge of that God whose Name is mercy, and whose Nature is love. 3 and 2 John present the closest approximation in the New Testament to the conventional letter form of the contemporary Greco-Roman world, since they were addressed from an individual to individuals. He seems to have been an excellent person: all testified of his righteousness; the truth - Christianity, itself bore testimony to him; and the apostles themselves added theirs also. This appears to be the meaning of neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth them out of the Church. If he went by land, he must traverse a great part of Asia, go through Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, and down through Greece, to the Morea, a most tedious and difficult journey. Nor is it certain whether Gaius … We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. ). There was some confusion about receiving certain evangelists. He also wrote Body of Divinity, 3 volumes, and several other volumes. The tradition from the earliest days of the church has been that the apostle John is the author. John 7:53 [The earliest manuscripts and many other ancient witnesses do not have John 7:53—8:11. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. Fellow helpers to the truth - And thus encourage the persecuted, and contribute to the spread and maintenance of the Gospel. I had many things to write - That is, I have many things that I might write; but having the hope of seeing thee shortly, I will not commit them to paper. 1, 2, and 3 John. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers. 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well.3 It gave me great joy when some believers(B)came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. This individual is well-known to the author of 3 John, but it is not so certain whether they had met in person before or not, since the report of Gaius’ conduct toward the brothers is heard second-hand by the author. Kypke thinks that πιστον is put here for πιστιν, and that the phrase signifies to keep or preserve the faith, or to be bound by the faith, or to keep one's engagements. He was doubtless an officer in the Church, at least a deacon, probably a bishop; and, being one, he magnified himself in his office; he loved such eminence, and behaved himself haughtily in it. And lastly, there is the Caius who is mentioned here, and who is thought by some critics to be different from all the above; for, in writing to him, St. John ranks him among his children, which seems, according to them, to intimate that he was converted by this apostle. Now as the apostle promises, both in the second and in this epistle, to see the persons shortly to whom he wrote, I take it for granted that they could not have lived at Corinth, or anywhere in the vicinity of that city. Chapter 1. This also is a private letter written, some time after First John, to his personal friend, Gaius. - A. C. 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