However, while it is the preferred grain in making engera, its availability is limited by its high cost. In Ethiopian grocery stores in Seattle, one can buy freshinjera made with a mixture of teff and whole wheat. Millet and Teff – November Grains of the Month. In a small milk warmer I simply add a tablespoon (or two) of Tobia Teff Flakes, 25g of oats or muesli and then cover it with hot water to cook. A creamier, more delicious Organic oat drink! The nomadic people that most often occupy the lowland areas of Ethiopia base their diet predominately on beef and dairy products or Ethiopian bread (kita in Amharic and kitcha in the Tigrinya language) made from sorghum, millet or barley. If you are making injera for the first time, it is better to use a mix of teff flour and wheat flour or all-purpose flour because it is easier to handle. Searching through the internet I found your site, you were explaining about the pros and cons of Xanthan gum. With teff … The arid lowland areas of Ethiopia support minimal teff production. White teff is the preferred type but only grows in certain regions of Ethiopia. So, after 86 bales are gone, I can honestly tout the wonders of Teff. Teff can also be used to produce local beer and liquor. You might want to stop reading now to avoid further disappointment. Mix well and let sit for 5 minutes. Stir oats, teff, cinnamon, and baking soda in a medium bowl. The different grains used vary widely. Add the teff flour, oat flour, tapioca flour, arrowroot flour, brown rice flour, baking soda, and salt to a large mixing bowl. In persons living in areas of the country where consumption of red teff is most prevalent, hemoglobin levels were found to be higher with a decreased risk of anemia related to parasitic infection. If not, you can download at this link. It’s an excellent source of fiber, so a fab preventative for GI stasis. These are the oats that are fed to livestock. Better yet Teff has more calcium, vitamin K, dietary fiber, iron, copper, manganese, thiamine and zinc than quinoa! It may sometimes be used as an alcoholic beverage base although most traditional alcoholic beverages in Ethiopia are primarily made from corn, barley, sorghum and finger millet. However the most common might might come across are: Teff flour bakes up superbly but it can have a slightly grainy consistency. Although teff is found in almost all cereal growing areas of Ethiopia, the major areas of production are the central and highland areas. The data composition tables available were not able to differentiate the iron content between red and white teff. These are cut randomly so that they are in smaller pieces than the whole grain, but are otherwise unprocessed. At the moment I am trying to source white teff flour in Australia – not sure if it is the same as Ivory teff flour. Commercial production of teff has been happening in Idaho for 25 years, supplying the Ethiopian community in the United States for that time. This means it is a better choice for diabetics better to help regulate their sugar levels. Harborview Medical Center and UW Medicine will not be liable for any complication, injuries or other medical accidents arising from or in connection with the use of or reliance upon information on this website. 4. Breakast: Overnight oats can be better than regular oats in many ways. The 12-hour light schedule that is found in equatorial regions of the world, such as Ethiopia and Eritrea, is the ideal sunlight requirement for flowering and seed formation of the plant. However, with the growing Ethiopian and Eritrean immigrant communities, the demand for teff as an important cereal group for people continues to rise. Teff also gets on especially well with banana, caramel, oats, nuts, honey but especially chocolate, like in these Mini Chocolate Peppermint Bundts. Although teff covers the greatest land space in Ethiopia, it has the lowest yield per hectare, an average of 910kg/ha. Teff is a tiny, round, khaki-colored grain closely resembling millet. Although this creates some disadvantages for the grain, it allows teff to yield a much higher fiber content than other grains (15.3 grams of fiber/4 oz flour, second only to dark rye flour). Teff is well known by Ethiopians and Eritreans for its superior nutritional quality. Teff Flour is a nutrient packed sweet malty gluten-free flour. See how eight grains and seeds stack up against steel cut oats, which provide 170 calories, 3 grams fat, 29 grams carbs, 10 grams fiber, and 7 grams protein in every dry quarter cup, and never eat a boring breakfast again. Disability Exception for Citizenship (N-648). But……to the point of my contacting you – Some people continue to make their own injera at home while others rely on store-bought injera. Malty teff and hearty oats add toothsome texture and flavor to these chunky chocolate chip cookies. You can also add any fruit or nut, like strawberries or bananas, and cashews or walnuts. Comparison in terms of Mineral Content. In a large bowl, beat egg and whisk in the oil, sugar, milk, and almond extract. The amount of psyllium husk completely depends on your size of cake, the other ingredients etc. I wanted to create something with no oats that I could sprinkle on a salad, add to hummus, put on a savory smoothie bowl, add to the new trend of savory yogurts, sprinkle over a salmon carpaccio .. infinite options. Ethiopian and Eritrean immigrants living in the Seattle area have adapted their recipes for making ingera by utilizing a variety of different grains, as opposed to using only pure teff flour. Oat milk is a dairy-free, vegan-friendly alternative to regular milk that is becoming more and more mainstream due to the demand for “plant-based” products. It is such a fine tasting, flour and like many alternative flours, if used in the right cake, will support and enhance the flavours rather than providing a neutral background. It is an excellent source of essential amino acids, especially lysine, the amino acid that is most often deficient in grain foods. Research is currently under way to improve the yield of this cereal crop both in Ethiopia and in the U.S. (Ketema, Seyfu, Addis, Ethiopia, 1996; Chekol, Tesema, University of Maryland, 1997). One of the researchers in Israel Guttman, noted in 2002 (1), “Early detection and effective management of diabetes in the Israeli Ethiopian community require in-depth appreciation of its beliefs and traditions. These oats are pre-cooked, dried, rolled, and then pressed slightly thinner than rolled oats that aren’t labeled quick cooking. My name is Dianne (Di) and I’ve just joined your email mailing list. Disclaimer: EthnoMed is designed for educational purposes only and is not rendering medical advice or professional services. Teff also gets on especially well with banana, caramel, oats, nuts, honey but especially chocolate, like in these Mini Chocolate Peppermint Bundts. Try it in a coffee cake or spice cake. Its scientific name is Eragrostis teff. Indeed, the use of teff as an animal foodstuff is universal. Hello Georgina, Much cheaper than anywhere else. The other health related benefit of teff is the high fiber content of the grain. The preferred altitude conditions for teff is 1700-2200 meters. Otherwise you are best to blend it in your bake with a more ‘sticky’ flour like sweet rice flour or tapioca flour. Add the dry ingredients to the wet ingredients and stir just until moistened, adding cherries and half of the almonds toward the end of mixing. increased stress) and diet change. Teff is considered the smallest grain in the world, and as small as it is, it is super healthy and full of iron and vitamins. Abstract #40695. Tiny but mighty. Author(s): Doris Piccinin, M.S. You shouldn’t really need psyllium husk in a cake recipe. Sometimes I add frozen berries too. Teff may also have applications for persons with Celiac Disease. 5. Rare Protein. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. You can add almonds and blueberries to the recipe to load up on important minerals, antioxidants, vitamin E and scrumptious taste! The shelf life of engera is extended with the use of white teff. Teff flour can also be used as a gluten-free thickening agent. Red/brown teff, the least expensive form and the least preferred type, has the highest iron content. Hi Dianne, you can certainly substitute teff flour for other flours. There’s Teff in this one! There are several varieties of teff including red teff which all have a similar texture. It contains 11% protein, 80% complex carbohydrate and 3% fat. Teff is mainly known in Ethiopian cuisine, where it is used for making the traditional Injera bread. Other recipes use a variety of grains including barley, rice, corn, millet and teff flour. Hi Dianne, you can buy sweet rice flour in the asian section of the supermarket – in Coles it is usually on the bottom shelf also known as glutinous rice and next to that is another gluten free flour called tapioca flour. Drop scant 1/4 cup scoops of dough onto the pans at least 2 inches apart. It’s useful in bread recipes but I don’t really use it in cakes as I don’t find it’s needed if you are using a starchy flour in the blend. And have another cup of coffee for me. Which brings us to sweet rice flour (or glutinous rice flour as it is sometimes called) which is a starch. There are several varieties of teff, each with characteristics best suited to specific conditions. Firstly, if I can’t buy your Teff flour here in Australia, would you like to suggest something else as a suitable substitute. Next I’d like to know…..Rice flour….. I’ve bought a small packet and it just says Rice Flour on the packet, nothing about sweet rice four, I’d never heard of sweet rice flour. Teff grows best in moderate altitude levels. The Ethiopian Commodity Exchange reported that farm households consume about 60% of wheat produced; 20% is sold; and the remainder is used for seed, in-kind payments for labor, and animal feed. Add olive oil, ground chia seed, apple cider vinegar, ground flax seed, and ground psyllium husk to the yeast mixture. From Bollywood celebrities to food bloggers, everyone … Most these studies conclude that the prevalence is increasing for Ethiopians both at home and abroad as their lifestyles (e.g. Teff flour is also the perfect flour to use in your Christmas Pudding as it goes so well with the richly spiced flavours. If you are substituting teff flour you want to choose another wholegrain flour like oat flour or sorghum. It is always better to buy plain, unflavored oats. They ate it better than pure alfalfa – which I never feed but you know what I mean… Here is a picture of a bale of Teff sitting on top of a bale of Orchard Grass. I do appreciate you taking the time to look at my email and I await your reply with interest. Sticky Ginger and Whisky Cake with Lime Drizzle, Pecan Espresso Granola {gluten-free, refined sugar-free, vegan}, Mince Pie Cupcakes with Mincemeat & Brandy Buttercream, Decadent Chocolate Hazelnut Cake {gluten-free}, Traditional Gluten-Free Christmas Pudding, Ivory teff – mild and slightly sweet flavour. The preferred staple in the Ethiopian and Eritrean diet is engera/injera (pronounced en-jer-a, and sometimes spelled injera), a flat sour-like fermented pancake that is used with “wot”, a stew made with spices, meats and pulses, such as lentils, beans and split peas. Don’t be surprised if oat hay leads to lighter-colored poops that look like sawdust when crumbled. Oats can also refer to steel cut oats. White teff grows only in the Highlands of Ethiopia, requires the most rigorous growing conditions, and is the most expensive form of teff. Teff is an ancient grain which is inextricably linked to Ethiopia, it is the most important crop grown on native soil and forms the bulk of the country’s diet and nutrition. And my second question is……how much psyllium husk would I use when making a cake……say for instance a carrot cake. Okay, if this is really not the news you’ve been waiting for, sorry to get your hopes up. Mix well and set aside. You can see the list on my Gluten-Free Flour Cheatsheet which you should have if you are on the mailing list. Recent findings indicate that within a decade, this population acquired a relatively high prevalence of diabetes (10 to 17%), which was literally unknown to it prior to immigration”and went on to say that many of the immigrants, including those with diabetes, do not know much about the disease and its management. Teff is a higher protein grain, with all nine essential amino acids. I tried Better Oats instant varieties and was very pleasantly surprised that it has the texture and body of stove top cooked oats! This is an area needing further research and is speculation based on observations by people who brought teff from Ethiopia and couldn’t successfully make engera here. The main reason for using teff flour though is its wonderful malty molasses-like taste. Last summer I planted teff in a field that had alfalfa previously and it was a great crop. In Ethiopia and Eritrea, teff is the most common cereal crop used to make engera. It consists of steel-cut oats or whole oats that are soaked in water, blended, and then strained with a cheesecloth or a nut milk bag. Teff is currently the most expensive grain to purchase in Ethiopia as it requires labor-intensive harvesting and processing techniques, and produces especially low yields. Though to our knowledge no studies investigating the iron content of the soil and its possible effect on the iron contents of the grain have been conducted, it may be possible that the high iron content of the soil contributes to the iron content of the grain. In marketing year 2011/12, EGTE imported 750,000 … I don’t know when I’d dare to taste another again. Teff can resist water-logging conditions associated with these regions, however, initial germination of the seed requires specific attention to prevent seed rot in the ground. Good sales and we now have customers who says they will buy every bale of teff I can produce. “There’s evidence that shows that eating wholegrains and high-fibre foods – which includes teff as well as oats, barley and wholemeal bread and pasta – is linked to overall better health and a lower risk of heart disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes.” Cobrdova also doesn’t support teff’s superfood status. Teff is naturally gluten-free but be wary of ordering injera in your local Ethiopian restaurant as it has more than likely been cut with wheat to be made more economically. Any medical decisions should be made in consultation with your doctors. Teff is gluten-free which is great news for coeliacs and the gluten-intolerant but it is also high in vitamins and minerals and is somewhat of a ‘superfood’. Only teff products and finely milled flours are allowed to leave the country. This matches most closely with altitudes in the highland areas of Ethiopia at 1800-2100 meters. As studies of the increased health benefits associated with high iron contents in red teff become elucidated, there is more acceptance of this grain in society. Ketema, Seyfu, “Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops”; International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. In achieving blood glucose control among the Ethiopian immigrant population in Seattle understanding the content and variety of grains used locally to make engera is critical. Think this’ll just about be enough for my first email to you Georgina. You can see the color difference. In Ethiopia, teff has multiple other uses including acting as reinforcement for thatched roofs and mud bricks. The light requirement can pose particular challenges when the grain is grown in North America with extended summer daylight conditions. If you have any more questions feel free to email me at georgina@fromthelarder.co.uk any time and I’ll be happy to answer them. The mixture will thicken into a slurry. I use it more prolifically in chocolate recipes where the chocolate smoothes out the graininess somewhat. ... percent higher than EGTE wheat prices and the quality is much better than imported wheat. Some people use self-rising flour (a bleached white flour containing yeast with bicarbonate) and teff flour to make engera. For inspiration on how to use teff flour have a look at these gluten-free recipes: Hi Di, my name is Joy Brothers and I too live in Australia, in Meadowbrook. In 1996-1997, teff covered 31% of the total landmass, as compared to 17% and 13% for corn and wheat respectively. Teff comes in several varieties generally identified by the color of the seed. Can teff be planted no till - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I was wanting to maybe try a few acres of teff this year but I decided not to as I did not have a good way to plant it and I also have not found a cultipacker for sale that suited me. Teff is well known by Ethiopians and Eritreans for its superior nutritional quality. Thank you, Di. Teff is well adapted to the heavy, well-drained, clay soil (vertisol) areas of the Ethiopian highlands where most other cereal crops cannot be grown easily. Teff flour is available wherever teff is. It would seem that because of its superior nutritional qualities, teff would be available to all persons in Ethiopia to make engera. The third main type of teff is mixed (red/brown and white) and has moderate iron content. “. It is also full of the resistant starch which helps to regulate blood sugars. I was thrown into chaos……what can I eat now. Teff producers and researchers in Michigan and Idaho have worked to adjust the light requirements for increased growth yields of teff. Teff is so incredibly important to Ethiopia that export of the grain itself is prohibited. These areas are sparsely populated because of the severity of the growing season in these regions. Teff contains more lysine than barley, millet, and wheat and slightly less than rice or oats. Teff flour sold in the Seattle area originates from Idaho, or in some instances, it is imported directly from Ethiopia. It is the smallest grain in the world and often is lost in the harvesting and threshing process because of its size. It has excellent amino acid composition, it is high in fibre and calcium – a cup of teff contains as much as half a cup of spinach. The teff grain is cooked up into porridge and used in savoury dishes, however the flour is mostly used for injera. I live at Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia. It is gluten-free (although the following bread is not gluten-free unless you get gluten-free oatmeal) and has a slightly sour taste that you need to like. “Teffa”, the Amharic word for “lost”, is so named because of teff’s small size. All of my horses are at the perfect weight. The total yield for the teff grown in that year was only 26-28%. (*note that the online reference used as source for the information in this preceding paragraph is no longer found). Each month we feature a different whole grain on the Whole Grains Council website, including information on its health benefits, cooking tips and recipes, historical/cultural facts, and more. In general, there are three main types of teff: white, mixed (red, brown, white) and red/brown. Haven’t bought any because in my research I found that psyllium husk can be used in place of xanthan gum. Quality Carbs. Please read my disclosures. But before you go, here are a few recipe pointers for you: I used Oat milk here because that’s all I had at the time, but in vegan cakes, soy milk is always better… It contains 11% protein, 80% complex carbohydrate and 3% fat. Teff has more vitamin C than other grains, providing 88 mg per 100-gram serving, within the 75 to 90 milligrams per day recommended for most adults. But that is not unique to wheat. RELATED: Oatmeal pairs perfectly with more than nut butters, fruit, and other sweet flavors. Wheat is maligned these days but only because it has become a commercialized and industrialized commodity. Teff is also low in sugar, salt and fat, and is gluten-free – making it an ideal grain for those who have a gluten intolerance. The average iron content of teff is 62.71mg/4oz grain. Historically, teff grown in other countries such as Uganda, Australia, Canada, The United States and Kenya has served mainly as animal feed. Teff flour is also the perfect flour to use in your Christmas Pudding as it goes so well with the richly spiced flavours.   Varieties . The environmental/atmospheric differences or varying water acidities/microflora may alter the growth of the symbiotic yeast in teff flour from Ethiopia as compared to the flour from the U.S. It is not in the scope of this paper to discuss the details about all the different varieties of this grain. It’s a better same old product. Hope you find this helpful. Overnight oats are soaked in milk, water or yogurt to soak overnight; They may offer more nutritional benefits than regular oats; Here are some reasons to try overnight oats; Overnight oats has become a growing breakfast trend all across the world. How to Cook Teff … Both its grain and straw provide an excellent nutritional product in comparison to other animal feed. In a large bowl, beat egg and whisk in the oil, sugar, milk, and almond extract. They cook faster than the others and have a more soft and mushy texture. They are mushier. Other Ethiopian breads made with yeast are referred to as Ambasha (made of wheat). Teff is nearly gluten-free, and is gaining popularity in the whole food and Health food industry in the U.S. as an alternative grain for persons with gluten sensitivity. Depending on what you are making you can choose the flour to compliment the other ingredients. Teff is also an excellent source of fiber and iron, and has many times the amount of calcium, potassium and other essential minerals found in an equal amou… They will produce different results in the structure and texture of your bake and cannot be used interchangeably. While each grain has a slightly different nutritional profile—teff is high in calcium, for example—none is dramatically better than wheat, they’re just different. Other grains grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea include barley, sorghum, wheat, and maize/corn. Teff is grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea predominately for human consumption. Teff flour can be purchased at local ethnic grocery stores and used at home for making traditional Ethiopian bread. As teff contains a symbiotic yeast, it can be fermented into a paste for 2-3 days and then used to make the traditional bread cooked in a mesob. Oats provide us with slow-release carbohydrates that give us energy, B vitamins and beta glucan, a type of fibre that keeps 'bad' cholesterol levels in check inside the body. As a result of the increased demands for teff in Ethiopia and the rising popularity of teff as an alternative grain in the U.S., agricultural practices to support increased growth of this crop are needed. Here's a recipe that just barely made it into Alternative Baker – the variation listed under the Teff Oatmeal Cookies with Whiskey Currants. These are oats that are cut thinly so that they can be cooked within about five minutes. This post contains affiliate links. Virtually every item of produce, fruit or vegetable, has been commodified and or industrialized. Quinoa has good amounts of iron and calcium, and provides two percent and eight percent of the recommended intake of calcium and iron respectively. Craisin Teff Scones . Teff contains more lysine than barley, millet, and wheat and slightly less than rice or oats. The teff cooks within minutes and then I just leave it a bit longer for the oats to soften. You can read about the difference between the rice flours on my posts on sweet rice flour and rice flour. And if you use it alongside ground nuts the graininess also gets lost. I liked it so much that I had my friend John try it. Layer the ingredients in a jar for a pretty gift. Stir oats, teff, cinnamon, and baking soda in a medium bowl. In contrast, the carbs found in quinoa are simple starch and insoluble fiber. There have been some studies that look at the rates for certain populations in Ethiopia however, as in most developing countries the data for establishing reliable estimates does not exist. Oat hay is tough and yellowish in color with more hollow stalks than the traditional 2 nd cut Timothy. But, on average, she says, teff can be grown so it’s lower in simple sugars and starch than other grasses. It is possible to use it as the sole flour in recipes as long as you are pairing it with chocolate or ground nuts. Teff is rich in iron, high in protein (in fact it provides Ethiopians with two-thirds of their dietary protein) and boosts Vitamin C (rare for a grain). The smallest of all grains, Teff is naturally gluten free and packed with nutrition. Today in Ethiopia, red teff is becoming more popular related to its increased iron content. Due to its drought-resistant characteristics, the best-suited grains for these growing conditions are sorghum and pearl millet. The 130th Annual Meeting of APHA, November 12, 2002. You can also get innovative – use it as crepes with a sweet or savory filling. It is an excellent source of essential amino acids, especially lysine, the amino acid that is most often deficient in grain foods. It also has good amounts of magnesium, manganese, and phosphorus—about 16%, 32%, and 15% respectively. Click here to see the full calendar. Also remember that low-carbohydrate does not mean low-calorie. The prestige associated with consuming white teff, as well as its more stringent growing conditions, contributes to the increased cost of white teff. Learn how your comment data is processed. I don’t know how easily available sweet rice flour is in Australia but it is the most used flour in my kitchen for everyday use, not just baking. How much a role the Green Revolution has played in adapting varieties of teff to the climatic conditions of North America is unknown. It is a completely different ingredient to regular rice flour which is a wholegrain flour. It is a great snack, and way better than a trail mix. Just like white bread has been a status symbol in the United States, white teff was reserved for the wealthiest and most prestigious families in Ethiopia. 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