British military doctrine, in contrast, follows Huber’s definition, and captures hybrid warfare as an aspect of irregu - lar warfare. The advent of cyber warfare, hybrid warfare, the militarisation of space and the use of artificial intelligence are examples that necessitate that we transform policies, strategies, concepts, doctrine, procedures as well as capabilities and human capital to meet current and future challenges. NATO will ensure that the Alliance and Allies are sufficiently prepared to counter hybrid attacks in whatever form they may materialise. If the new threat is so complex, political, and subtle, shouldn’t the response be the same? On 1 December 2015, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and then European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, announced the launching of a new hybrid warfare program and a new NATO hybrid warfare strategy. The European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats located in Helsinki, Finland serves as a hub of expertise, assisting participating countries in improving their civil-military capabilities, resilience and preparedness to counter hybrid threats. In the last decade, some of the most important military forces and coalitions in the world, including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), have attempted to address and counter so-called hybrid threats. Advising NATO on Hybrid Warfare. 21), 2016 Warsaw Summit Declaration (para. The Centre is an initiative of the Government of Finland, supported by 23 other nations, as well as NATO and the EU. Hybrid warfare is a term that sought to capture the blurring and blending of previously separate categories of conflict. . U.S. President Donald Trump landed in London, prepared to decry French President Emmanuel Macron's description of NATO as brain dead. London Declaration. The hybrid warfare is an unstructured form of war, used by States, Hybrid warfare often exists in a gray area between war and peace, ... NATO’s eastern flank by targeting ethnic Russian minorities. It is an amorphous definition for an amorphous strategy. The Joint Intelligence and Security Division at NATO Headquarters improves the Alliance’s understanding and analysis of hybrid threats. Let us be quite clear about that. 3.1. ‘hybrid warfare’ and ‘hybrid threats’ to provide further clarity. The NATO alliance faces not only a conventional threat from Russia, but also one that is more insidious in nature—hybrid warfare. Recognizing Russia would stand little chance of winning a protracted conventional conflict with NATO, Moscow seeks instead to pursue its interests without overt use of military power if possible. However, hybrid warfare as a term itself is a poor descriptor. Russia’s Hybrid War in Ukraine: Breaking the Enemy’s Ability to Resist The Finnish Institute of International Affairs, FIIA report (16 June 2015) NATO and New Ways of Warfare: Defeating Hybrid … We know now that the Viet Cong movement was totally controlled by Hanoi, but many Americans still believe that it was a native movement within South Vietnam. Hybrid tactics, which include cyber-attacks, disinformation and economic interference, are increasingly used against NATO and EU member countries. NATO continues to strengthen its cooperation and coordination with such partners as Finland, Sweden, Ukraine and the European Union (EU) to counter hybrid threats and enhance resilience. There is no official definition of hybrid warfare by NATO; however, it has defined hybrid warfare in its public pronouncements as warfare . where a wide range of overt and covert military, 3 Part of the conceptual confusion stems from the fact that there is no standard, commonly-accepted definition of hybrid warfare. It uses a blend of military, economic, diplomatic, criminal, and informational means to achieve desired political goals. Key Characteristics of Russian Hybrid Warfare Russian hybrid warfare has at least three main characteristics. ple, defines hybrid warfare as conflict involving a combination of conventional military forces and irregulars (guerrillas, insurgents, and terrorists), which could include both state and non-state actors, aimed at achieving a common political purpose. In modern hybrid warfare, the success results for the initiating actor fall to 40% with two ongoing stalemates, but the initiator has less that a coin toss of a chance for a decisive early victory. What keeps Britain’s defense secretary up at night? Finally, the prospect of both challenges occurring in parallel is considered. NATO Secretary General's Annual Report 2019 NATO (19 March 2020) See page 29. 4 It continues to increase the readiness and preparedness of its forces, and has strengthened its decision-making process and its command structure as part of its deterrence and defence posture. The primary responsibility to respond to hybrid threats or attacks rests with the targeted nation. hybrid warfare use the term to describe the area where regular warfare and irregular warfare intersect and blend to create a new form of warfare. to NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT). "It starts with investment in both our conventional forces which are so important to effect deterrence and in those new capabilities needed to address the challenges that lay ahead,"he said. 2. “Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars.” Hybrid warfare. What is new about attacks seen in recent years is their speed, scale and intensity, facilitated by rapid technological change and global interconnectivity. Hybrid CoE Hybrid CoE is an independent, network-based international organisation countering hybrid threats. Linear conflicts are defined by a sequential progression of a planned strategy by opposing sides, whereas nonlinear conflict is the simultaneous deployment of multiple, complementary military and non-military warfare tactics. Proxy warfare refers to when states influence conflicts without placing their own forces on the ground. Meaning of hybrid warfare. A strategy and actionable implementation plans on NATO’s role in countering hybrid warfare … If deterrence should fail, NATO stands ready to defend any Ally against any threat. The West’s preoccupation with the Gerasimov doctrine and Russia’s hybrid warfare also obscures the role of Russia’s military power in its foreign and national security policies. D. EFINITION. This sends a strong signal that the Alliance is improving both its political and military responsiveness and its ability to deploy appropriate forces to the right place at the right time. Axel Hagelstam of the Finnish Mission to NATO and Kirsti Narinen of the Centre explain. D. EFINITION. hybrid warfare, supplemented by the NATO hybrid warfare playbook, laying out who does what in dealing with complex security threat scenarios that combine militias, cyber-attacks, targeting of critical infrastructure, as well as types of assistance the alliance would provide should a member state come under outside pressure. By defencematters; 06 February 2016; 10:58; Over the past two years, NATO has been focused on hybrid warfare. The third and fourth parts address the implications of each challenge for national Defence policy, strategy and capability. There is a high probability that he will intervene in the Baltics to test NATO's Article 5, putin knows that if he crosses the red line and attacks a Nato ally, he will be defeated. That may take some convincing. The terms hybrid warfare, new generation warfare and grey zone are often used interchangeably to describe the Russian operational approach towards the post-Soviet states or former Soviet republics. Hybrid war breaks down the traditional binary delineation between war and peace. the NATO Capstone Concept characterizes hybrid threats as "those posed by adversar-ies, with the ability to simultaneously employ conventional and non-conventional means adaptively in pursuit of their objectives. It economizes the use of force. What is it?” he added. It was inaugurated in October 2017 by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, together with European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission Federica Mogherini. The Pentagon looks to shore up potential holes in the U.S. missile defense system, a WWE star reveals how service in the Marine Corps helped make her a success, and Military Times editors look ahead to the biggest stories they'll be tracking in 2021 as the new year gets underway - it's Defense News Weekly for January 4, 2021. Hybrid wars are, broadly defined, conflicts involving one or more nonstate actors that nevertheless possess the attributes of a state’s military. The hybrid analysis branch provides decision-makers with improved awareness on possible hybrid threats. The concept features prominently in NATO and EU policy instruments and has informed the United States’ National Security Strategy adopted in December 2017. B. NATO’ S . McCuen sees hybrid warfare as using a variety of tools to persuade the domestic population of a targeted state. If the new threat is so complex, political, and subtle, shouldn’t the response be the same? This includes exercising of decision–making processes and joint military and non-military responses in cooperation with other actors. © REUTERS. NATO also serves as a hub for expertise, providing support to Allies in areas such as civil preparedness and chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) incident response; critical infrastructure protection; strategic communications; protection of civilians; cyber defence; energy security; and counter-terrorism. News, Official Texts, Opinions) Defending against Hybrid Threats. The Enhanced Cyber Defence Policy was also endorsed in Wales. . Mattis, James N., and Frank G. Hoffman. Hybrid warfare occupies the uncomfortable middle ground between conventional and unconventional warfare, mixing elements of both in the process. It also actively counters propaganda – not with more propaganda, but with facts – online, on air and in print. NATO has a strategy on its role in countering hybrid warfare and stands ready to … Hybrid Warfare is Under the Threshold of Article 5 . By combining kinetic operations with subversive efforts, the aggressor intends to avoid attribution or retribution. Hybrid warfare occupies the uncomfortable middle ground between conventional and unconventional warfare, mixing elements of both in the process. Hybrid warfare — also known as grey zone conflict or low-intensity conflict — is a reality, and the U.S. military must be ready to confront and deter it, a senior intelligence officer said. This strategy is called a hybrid war, he said, and NATO is coming to grips with the concept. a rather new threat definition and its (temporary) inclusion in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) new comprehensive defence approach with a reflection on the last Swedish experiment. NATO to define plan to counter Russia’s hybrid warfare tactics. Potential of hybrid warfare 15 5. The term hybrid warfare has no consistent definition but generally refers to deniable and covert actions, supported by the threat or use of conventional and/or nuclear forces, to … Wallace stayed away from responding to French President Emmanuel Macrons controversial view that the alliance was “brain dead," but he, like others in NATO, accept the need for continuing change. Being prepared to prevent, counter and respond to hybrid attacks, whether by state or non-state actors, is a top priority for NATO. LONDON – NATO will agree on a plan to respond to the new weapons and tactical threat posed by Russia and others when alliance leaders meet here on Dec. 4, British Defence Secretary Ben Wallace said opening the NATO Engages think tank event in London. Hybrid warfare can be used to describe the flexible and complex dynamics of the battlespace requiring a highly adaptable and resilient respo When Dr Andrew Mumford published Proxy Warfare in 2013, one reviewer called it “an important contribution to our understanding of war” (Professor James Wirtz, the Dean of the US Naval Postgraduate School). The period of the Vietnam War from 1962 to 1968 would fit the definition of hybrid war until the Tet Offensive in 1968 when the Viet Cong ceased to exist as a serious military threat. An analyst looks at code in the malware lab of a cyber security defense lab. National Security Advisers meet at NATO Headquarters, NATO Deputy Secretary General to speak on Countering Hybrid Threats, Secretary General participates in Hybrid Centre of Excellence inauguration with Finnish leaders and EU High Representative, Remarks by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the Inauguration of the Helsinki Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats, with EU High Representative Federica Mogherini. Ukraine sees two paths for joining NATO. Address: 11b Kalnciema str. NATO is prepared to assist any Ally against hybrid threats as part of collective defence. Iran fallout deepens rift between America and Europe. Over the last few years, “hybrid warfare” has become firmly established in the Western security lexicon. Hybrid methods of warfare, such as propaganda, deception, sabotage and other non-military tactics have long been used to destabilise adversaries. Training, exercises and education also play a significant role in preparing to counter hybrid threats. Emerging technologies like hypersonic missiles and quantum‎ computing are changing the threat landscape, the defense secretary said, urging that NATO must to understand the challenges and adapt accordingly. Sweden’s defense minister on relations with America, Russian threats and the European Union. NATO is strengthening its coordination with partners, including the European Union, in efforts to counter hybrid threats. Hybrid CoE Strategic Analysis 24: Ambiguity in hybrid warfare. Search for documents on Hybrid Warfare on the NATO website. They are international research centres that are nationally or multi-nationally funded and staffed. B. NATO’ S . One possible definition of hybrid warfare proposed by NATO is war where the objective is achieved by integrating military, paramilitary and civilian measures, trying to influence policymakers and decision-makers. Hard power underpins hybrid warfare. Inauguration of Hybrid CoE with NATO Secretary General and EUHR Mogherini - Q&A, NATO Secretary General press point at inauguration of Hybrid CoE, Inauguration of the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats, NATO Deputy Secretary General on countering hybrid threats, 15 FEB 2018, 1/2, Statement on the implementation of the Joint Declaration signed by the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission, and the Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 2018 Brussels Summit Declaration (para. The Alliance supports Allies’ efforts to identify national vulnerabilities and strengthen their own resilience, if requested. As we shall soon discover, Hybrid Warfare (HW) has much older origins than would first be assumed. Hybrid warfare has been in the limelight for more than a decade within the Western strategic discourse. Russia is disturbing the peace, and NATO countries must combat its hybrid strategy, the alliance’s supreme allied commander for Europe said., ... NATO Moves to Combat Russian Hybrid Warfare … Will either work? The definition encompasses the key elements of hybrid warfare: conventional and non-conventional, blurring of domains and involving elements previously allocated to the unlawful domain. There is a perception that hybrid warfare is conducted under the threshold of international law, such as Article 51 of UN Charter and Article 5 of NATO, even though the concept does not postulate such a specific understanding. After the U.S.-led military intervention in Iraq in 2003, Iran hoped to check the The concept features prominently in NATO and EU policy instruments and has informed the United States’ National Security Strategy adopted in December 2017. Hybrid warfare is the effort to achieve strategic objectives without using significant force, the general said. Andrew Mumford. ... #Communication, #intelligence, #NATO, The link was added 14 September 2020. Given the recent growth in non-conventional warfare, it seems an appropriate point to examine this apparently recent phenomena. By: Andrew Chuter December 3, 2019 . A nonlinear war is fought when a state employs conventional and irregular military forces in conjunction with psychological, economic, political, and cyber assaults. Trump wants NATO to be more involved in the Middle East. Riga, LV1048, Latvia. . While there is no single perception of what ‘hybrid warfare’ is, the focus is on concrete responses to threats posed by Russia and, to a lesser extent, ISIL. Hybrid threats combine military and non-military as well as covert and overt means, including disinformation, cyber attacks, economic pressure, deployment of irregular armed groups and use of regular forces. In the past several years there has been a noticeable increase in the range and intensity of Russian hybrid warfare attacks. While neither the European Union (EU) nor the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation ( NATO) appear to have a clear definition of this term, both organisations are taking steps to ‘counter It uses a blend of military, economic, diplomatic, criminal, and informational means to achieve desired political goals. The Warsaw Summit took place amidst the persistent migrant crisis in Europe, the ongoing armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq, the partly-frozen armed conflict in Ukraine, and in the aftermath of the so-called ‘Brexit’ referen… The definition encompasses the key elements of hybrid warfare: conventional and non-conventional, blurring of domains and involving elements previously allocated to the unlawful domain. WWE star tells how Marine Corps service helped her succeed, Money Minute: Student loan repayment and consolidation, Money Minute: Sending cash by mobile apps — convenient, but be careful, https://www.defensenews.com © 2021 Sightline Media Group, NATO’s London meetings are off to a rocky start, The top stories to follow in 2021 - Defense News Weekly, 1.4.21. While ‘hybrid warfare’ is a term very present in top policy-makers’ soundbites, among the staff and at national levels within NATO, the term is dismissed and consciously avoided. The malware lab of a cyber Security defense lab is given by.! It risks creating the impression that hybrid tactics, which include cyber-attacks, disinformation and economic interference, increasingly. Warfare and determines the definition to be prepared, NATO has been a noticeable increase in the of... That helps improve situational awareness are working on strategies to strengthen defensive capabilities and prevent attacks! 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